These questions were part of the application filed by the lawyers for the church, seeking leave to appear before the Federal Court to challenge the Court of Appeal's ruling on the Allah issue.
On October 14, a three-member bench led by Datuk Seri Mohamed Apandi Ali, which allowed Putrajaya's appeal to ban the Catholic weekly, Herald, from using the word, said there was a 1986 directive by the Home Ministry that prohibited non-Muslim publications from using four words – Allah, Kaabah, Solat and Baitullah.Apandi in his judgment said the reason for the prohibition was to protect the sanctity of Islam and prevent any confusion among Muslims. He also ruled that if the word is allowed to be used by Christians, it could threaten national security and public order.
The Herald has been in publication since 1994 and ministry officials had admonished the publisher and issued showcause letters for the failure to comply with the directive.
Further to that, the court said the prohibition was reasonable on grounds that the word Allah was not an integral part of the Christian faith and practice.
The decision sparked an outcry among Christians, and other non-Muslims, in the peninsula and East Malaysia.
The constitutional questions framed by the church's lawyers were to debate on Islam as the religion of the federation, freedom of speech, religion and the right to religious education.
The questions on administrative law centred on the home minister's power. The questions also pointed out that the minister's decision to ban the weekly publication from using the word Allah was illegal and irrational.
The church has also raised issues on the power of the court to allow the minister to ban the word based on theology.
Counsel for the church will now serve the court papers to Putrajaya and seven other Muslim organisations who are parties to the application.
The Federal Court registry would then proceed to fix a case management date so that all parties are agreeable to a suitable day to hear the leave application to appeal the ruling.
Lawyers said the church should have no problem in obtaining leave as novel legal questions, raised for the first time and which are of public importance, would have been drafted.
In 2009 the Herald filed a judicial review in the High Court to challenge the home minister's order.
Judge Datuk Lau Bee Lan then quashed the home minister's order, ruling the ban violated the constitutional right of the publisher.
However, constitutional lawyers said Putrajaya's successful appeal to ban the publisher of Herald from using the word in its newspaper also nullified the Cabinet decision that allowed Christians nationwide to use the word in the Malay version of the bible.
They also said that the Court of Appeal ruling prevented all non-Muslim publications from using the word due to the broad principal established.
After the Court of Appeal ruling, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak said Christians in Sabah and Sarawak could continue to use the word and the government would honour its 10-point solution.
Under the agreement in 2011, it was agreed that bibles in all languages can be imported into the country, including those in Bahasa Malaysia/Indonesia which contained the word Allah.
The 10-point solution allowed for the printing, importation and distribution of the Al-Kitab, the Bahasa Malaysia version of the bible.
Lawyer Fahri Azzat, commenting on the court’s decision, had said since Allah “was not an integral part of the Christian faith and practice" the word became the monopoly of Muslims and the Islamic faith in this country.
He said the Court of Appeal ruling affected the Herald, a publication in the peninsula, but the effect covered the entire federation. – November 12, 2013.
~ The Malaysian Insider